What is an 'EQ' in Music Production?
Ever wondered what an 'EQ' is? Read on for a breakdown of EQ's in music production.
EQ (or equalisation) is one of the most important tools for shaping and enhancing the sound of a track, and it should be used in almost every mix.
An EQ allows you to adjust the volume of sound coming from different frequencies according to the needs of each song. For example, to remove unwanted frequencies, boost desired frequencies and add new ones.
Equalisers can generally be split into two categories—linear and parametric.
Equalisers can be split into two categories—linear and parametric. Liner equaliaers have four bands (low shelf, low-mid peak, high-mid peak, high shelf) with fixed frequencies (Although sometimes they may be even more simplified into 'shelf' eq's with just low and high cut bands). Parametric equalisers are a little more advanced than linear ones and they allow you to select a frequency range (band) and boost or cut it.
Linear EQs are typically called “fixed” or “graphic” EQs.
When you hear the term “linear EQs”, it is generally referring to what are commonly called “fixed” or “graphic” EQs. These types of EQs have fixed frequencies associated with them, meaning that the frequency bands do not change when you move a slider or knob in your DAW plugin.